Minister for Industry, Energy and Digital Economy

Éric Besson

Éric Besson (born 2 April 1958 in Marrakech, Morocco) is a French politician of French-Lebanese descent. He was Minister of Industry, Energy and the Digital economy under the Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry, Christine Lagarde and previously, from 2009 to 2010, Minister of Immigration, Integration, National Identity and Mutually-Supportive Development in the government ofFrançois Fillon.

He left the Socialist Party (PS) the day of the first round presidential elections in 2007 to found The Progressives, a social democraticaffiliate party of Nicolas Sarkozy's Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). He has been Deputy Secretary-General of the UMP since 2009.


Eric Besson was born in Morocco. His mother is from Lebanon and his father, a flight instructor in the French Air Force, was killed in a flight accident three months before Éric's birth. At 17, he settled with his family at Montélimar, France and studied at École supérieure de commerce in Montpellier, then in the Institut d'études politiques de Paris. Besson joined the French car company,Renault, then worked for Challenges, a business monthly, before joining the Vivendi foundation.

Besson was married from 1983–2009 to Sylvie Brunel, a geographer and writer, former president of Action Against Hunger and they have three children. Their eldest child, Alexandra (born 1989), is a novelist.

Besson has been married since September 2010 to Yasmine Tordjman, a 24-year-old art student from Tunisia. Tordjman belongs to a prominent Muslim family of Turkish origin with connections to former Tunisian president Habib Bourguiba. In December 2012, two years after the marriage, Yasmine Tordjman Besson announced her intention to divorce. The former minister has confirmed the news.

In 2013, the Besson couple ended the divorce proceedings and resumed their relationship.

Political career

Besson was a member of the Socialist Party from 1993 to 2007. He has been mayor of Donzère since 1995 and was the député for the Drôme between 1997 to 2007 (he did not stand for re-election in 2007). Besson began the 2007 French presidential election as a member of Ségolène Royal's campaign team. In January 2007, 4 months before the presidential elections, Besson coordinated the publication by the socialist party of a 106 pages book titled « The worrisome quiet rupture of Monsieur Sarkozy ». The book in itself is an attack against Nicolas Sarkozy and his “mediocre” achievements as a member of the government. Sarkozy is painted as “a US neocon with a French passport”. According to Eric Besson, Nicolas Sarkozy is “a kind of French subsidiary of Bush, Inc.” However, on 21 February, Besson defected the Socialist party in a blaze of publicity, proclaiming that he felt the Socialist campaign's economic policy to be deeply flawed. On 22 April, he joined Sarkozy at a political rally. He then joined Nicolas Sarkozy's first government. He has been labeled "the traitor" ever since by part of the media and the public.

In May 2007 he served as State Secretary for Prospectives and Evaluation of Public Policies. That year, he launched a new political party, The Progressives, affiliated with the Union for a Popular Movement, Nicolas Sarkozy's party through the Liaison Committee for the Presidential Majority. In January 2009, he was appointed Minister for Immigration, Integration, National Identity and Mutually-Supportive Development in the government of Prime Minister François Fillon

As successor to Brice Hortefeux in charge of immigration and national identity he announced the objective of ensuring 29,000 compulsory repatriations per annum. He said that legislation enacted penalizing assistance to illegal immigrants (with up to 5 years imprisonment) was not intended to discourage the general public but only traffickers. Éric Besson has endeavoured to overturn the role of Cimade in offering assistance to illegal immigrants held in the expanded network of detention centres in France by opening bids for offer of these services by other agencies. In September 2009, Besson effected the clearing of an area known as "the Jungle" near Calais, where cabins and shacks housed mainly illegal immigrants desiring to settle in Great Britain and primarily of Afghan or Kurdish stock.

In 2009, Besson zealously led the "debate on national identity" initiated by President Nicolas Sarkozy of France as a means to win the far right's votes. But three months on, in February 2009, the debate was dropped amid confusion and controversy and Besson's image was further harmed. One weekly magazine named him "the most hated man" in the Republic.

In 2010, Besson sent a letter to a state agency asking them to examine how to avoid a French company (OVH in this case, a French Internet hosting company) from hosting wikileaks web site.

In April 2011, the Union for a Popular Movement selected him as its candidate in the newly created Fifth constituency for French residents overseas (covering French citizens resident in AndorraMonacoPortugal and Spain) for the June 2012 legislative elections


·         Governmental functions

·         Minister for Industry, Energy and Digital Economy : 2010-2012.

·         Minister of Immigration, Integration, National Identity and Mutually-Supportive Development: 2009–2010.

·         Secretary of State in charge of exploration, appraisal of public policies and development of the digital economy : 2007–2009.

·         Electoral mandates

·         National Assembly of France

·         Member of the National Assembly of France for Drôme (2nd constituency) : 1997–2007 (Became minister in 2007). Elected in 1997, reelected in 2002.

·         Municipal Council

·         Mayor of Donzère : Since 1995. Reelected in 2001, 2008.

Municipal councillor of Donzère : Since 1995. Reelected in 2001, 2008.


The object of mass VOTE: Éric Besson.  

France political

Rate the damage it causes (does not cause) the object of VOTE to the European Commonwealth.

Method of ethical VOTE is to choose one of the following  values:

 0 - moral, there is no prejudice to the European community;
-1, -2, -3 - minor damage, harm to the European community;
-4, -5, -6 - damage of medium gravity for the European community;
-7, -8, -9, -10 - substantial damage, harm to the European community.


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