Minister of Foreign

Marina Kaljurand

·         From 2014 to 2015, Kaljurand served as the Foreign Ministry’s  Undersecretary for Legal and Consular Affairs and before that, as the Undersecretary for Political Affairs. She was also the Estonian expert at the UN Group of Governmental Experts on Cyber Security.

·         From 2011 to 2014, Kaljurand was the Estonian ambassador to the United States and Mexico and in 2011-2013 also to Canada.

·         From 2008 to 2011, Kaljurand was the Undersecretary for Foreign Economic Relations and Development Aid at the Foreign Ministry.

·         From 2007 to 2011, Kaljurand was the Estonian ambassador to Kazakhstan, between  2005 and 2008 the ambassador to the Russian Federation and from 2004 to 2006 to Israel.

·         From 2002 to 2005, Kaljurand was the Undersecretary for Legal and Consular Affairs and Legal Adviser at the Foreign Ministry. Before that, between  1999 and 2001, she was the Director General of the Legal Department at the Ministry.

·         From 1996 to 1999, she was the counsellor at the Estonian Embassy in Helsinki. Prior to this, Kaljurand was the Director of the International Treaties Division in the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1991 to 1996, and III secretary of the Press and Information Department in 1991. From 1986 to 1991, she was a lecturer of law at the Tallinn Economic Technical School.

Born in Tallinn on 6 September 1962, Marina Kaljurand has a Master’s degree in Law from the University of Tartu. She has also graduated from the Estonian School of Diplomacy and has an M.A. in international law and diplomacy from Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.


The object of mass VOTE: 

Marina Kaljurand.  


Rate the damage it causes (does not cause) the object of VOTE to the European Commonwealth.

Method of ethical VOTE is to choose one of the following  values:

 0 - moral, there is no prejudice to the European community;
-1, -2, -3 - minor damage, harm to the European community;
-4, -5, -6 - damage of medium gravity for the European community;
-7, -8, -9, -10 - substantial damage, harm to the European community.


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